Photoshop Tutorial Two – Friday 25th January 2013

On Friday 25th January 2013, I had my second Photoshop tutorial. This week, we were taught by one of our other lecturers, George who managed to take us through this weeks and next weeks Photoshop tutorials as there were only two of us in the class. Below are the notes that I took from this tutorial:

Navigating your Retouching Tools:

  • To change colour of workspace: Photoshop – preferences – interface
  • To double up tools bar – arrows on the top left
  • Navigator area – shows percentage of image (can be useful when resizing an image)

Tools Panel:

  • Shape selection tool:
    • Shift + click – adds to selection box
    • Alt + click – takes away from selection box
    • Cmd + D – deselect
  • Move tool:
    • With selection tool – literally picks up and drags the selection
    • Can nudge the selection by using the arrows
  • Lasso tool:
    • Freehand lasso tool
    • Polygon lasso tool
    • Magnetic lasso tool
      • Looks for contrast and pixels
      • Frequency changes how often the points are
  • Selection tool:
    • Quick selection tool
      • Automatically adds to the selection
      • Increase brush size
      • Alt and click changes to a minus to take away
    • Magic wand tool
  • Crop tool:
    • To create the same ratio – drag and select around entire image, press and hold shift key to keep ratio
  • Eyedropper tool:
    • Match a colour to something already n the image
  • Ruler tool (under eyedropper tool):
    • Used to straighten or crop an image
  • Brush tool:
    • Hardness – edge of brush (to change using keyboard = shift and square brackets)
    • Opacity
    • Size – using square brackets
  • Zoom in shortcut – Cmd + +
  • Zoom out shortcut – Cmd + –
  • Move around shortcut – space bar
  • Undo shortcut – Cmd + Z
  • History brush:
    • Brushes in the past
    • Select the point you want to go back to in the history panel (square on left)
  • Eraser tool
  • Make background transparent
    • Duplicate layer
    • Delete background
    • Create new layer
    • Put background layer under new layer
    • Use eraser tool
  • Gradient tool
  • Smudge tool:
    • Looks as if the image is an oil painting by smudging the pixels
  • Blur tool:
    • “Muddy’s” the image
  • Sharpen tool:
    • Increases contrast between pixels
    • Cannot make an out of focus image in focus
  • Dodge tool
  • Burn tool
  • Text tool:
    • Horizontal and vertical orientation
    • Click and drag to create text box
    • Adds the text as a new layer

 

  • Image – image size
    • Pixels
    • Constrain proportions
    • 72 ppi – internet
    • 300ppi – print
  • Image – canvas size
    • Relative tick off – gives actual size of image
    • Relative tick on – sets it back to 0
    • Can change dimensions
    • Can change canvas colour
    • Anchor – shows where you are going to place the image on the canvas
  • Change round the foreground and background colour – X
  • Change the view of your image – F

 

Adjustments:

  • Image – adjustments
  • Levels:
    • Push and hold alt key to show where the true whites and blacks
    • Preview – P
  • Curves:
    • Changes the exposure
    • To take a point away from the line – drag off of the graph
    • Can pull down the end of the graph by using the two extreme points
  • Colour balance:
    • Can work with shadows, mid-tones, highlights
  • Selective colour:
    • Can change specific colours
  • Hue/saturation:
    • Don’t use lightness – use curves instead
    • WOULDN’T DO THIS – DESTRUCTIVE EDITING

 

Layers:

  • Use the adjustment panel OR layer – new adjustment layer
  • Select layer mask thumbnail – use brush to undo certain areas (must be black and white)
  • Can do this with any of the adjustments
  • Only want to change a tiny amount – choose adjustment – edit – fill (must have layer mask thumbnail selected) – use brush to brush out certain areas
  • Need to flatten image – layer – flatten image – only when you are sure you are finished – can create a Photoshop file as a back up – then save as whatever file format you want

 

Advance Selecting (on anything but quick selection tool):

  • Feather:
    • How hard the selection edges are
    • Usually work with 4px
    • Q – quick mask tool, able to view the feather of the selection
  • Reselect
  • Deselect
  • Inverse:
    • Selects everything but the small area that you don’t want to change
    • Select – colour range – eyedropper tool to pick colour – fuzziness
    • Cmd + H – doesn’t deselect but stops showing the marching ants
  • Refine edge:
    • Radius – increase area that is selected
    • Feather
    • Shift edge – makes it bigger or smaller
    • Contrast – reduces the feather effect
  • Save selection:
    • Can save selection and come back to it after deselecting it
    • Puts it in the channels menu
  • Load selection:
    • Pull up previous selection that you want
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