Pinhole Printing – Negatives to Positives (Darkroom) Tutorial

Over our Easter break, we were instructed to create our own pinhole cameras, which should have been functional. To find out if they were indeed working, I decided to experiment with them by creating different exposures and writing down their times. I was then taught in todays tutorial, how to create a paper positive from the developed negative. Below are the notes that I took and the scanned in examples of some paper negatives and positives.

Pinhole Printing – Negatives to Positives (Darkroom):

  • Process it as it is a normal print
  • Dry it – this is now a paper negative
  • Make paper positive print
    • Get another sheet of light sensitive paper
    • Put the negative on top of this – emulsion side to emulsion side
    • Place glass plate over top to flatten the paper
    • Expose the paper using the darkroom enlargers
    • (Enlargers should be on roughly f/5.6)
    • Time depends on quality of the negative
    • Thick negative (thickness of the paper) takes longer to process
    • The paper is thicker than film so will naturally take longer than the average darkroom film print
  • My negative:
    • Exposure level of 2.5 and aperture level of f/2.8
    • Moved the enlarger closer to the photo paper – half the distance of the enlarger halves the exposure time that is needed
    • Changed the aperture to f/2.8 – half the f/number halves the exposure time needed yet again
    • We therefore ended up quartering the exposure time that was needed

Paper Negatives:


Bedroom - 3 minutes


Bedroom – 3 minutes exposure

Lounge - 5 minutes

Lounge – 5 minutes exposure

Lounge Window - 2 minutes

Lounge Window – 2 minutes exposure

Oli - 3 minutes

Oli – 3 minutes exposure

Hallway Window - 2 minutes

Hallway Window – 2 minutes exposure

Paper Positives (Experiments):

Paper Positive - Experiment 1

Paper Positive - Experiment 2

Paper Positive - Experiment 3

Paper Positive - Experiment 4

Paper Positive - 20 seconds

Paper Positive – 20 seconds

Final Paper Positive - 20 seconds

Final Paper Positive – 20 seconds


Task 2: 

  • Consider how a space transforms when occupied by the human presence and consider how people interact with the space
  • David Leventi

David Leventi Basketball Arena

David Leventi Opera Houses

Paul Graham Troubled Land 1

Paul Graham Troubled Land 2

Paul Graham Troubled Land 3

Paul Seawright Hidden 2002

Roger Fenton – The Valley of the Shadow of the Death

(Roger Fenton – The Valley of the Shadow of the Death)

  • David Spero
    • Large format
    • Settlement project
    • Human presence within the landscape and the difference they are making to it

David Spero Settlement 1

David Spero Settlement 2

David Spero Settlement 3

  • Sally Mann
  • Tom Hunters
    • Public spaces public stages
    • Empty spaces and pinhole
    • Crucial to use a basic camera so that the photo paper can absorb the emptiness of the space

Tom Hunter Public Spaces Public Stages

Can adjust the camera to how you want to capture the images